Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can destroy the shoulder joint and surrounding tissue. They can also cause degeneration and tearing of the capsule or the rotator cuff. Osteoarthritis occurs when the articular surface of the joint wears thin.
Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with chronic inflammation of the synovium lining which can produce chemicals that eventually destroy the inner lining of the joint, including the articular surface.
Shoulder replacement is recommended for patients with painful shoulders, limited motion and failure to respond to conservative treatment.
The treatment options are either replacement of the ball of the joint and/or replacement of both the ball and the socket.
This is something that needs discussing and is tailored to each individual patient.
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