A thorough warm-up for running or jogging is often overlooked but remarkably important for improving performance and decreasing the chance of injury. Whether you are a track specialist or road runner the drills in this article will help to promote a more efficient, dynamic running technique, improve range of motion and muscular function, whilst providing the appropriate intensity for your intended training session.
Part 1 – General warm-up exercises
At this stage, you are probably feeling cold, tight, sore and not ready to perform. The aim is to loosen the muscles and joints here and start to warm the body system. The following movements can be incorporated into the general warm-up; the aim here is active preparation.
- Light to Moderate Jog 400m
- Leg Swings – Lunges – Squats
- Grapevine – Side to Side Skip – Backwards Run
Note: Static stretching is not specifically included in the ‘active warm-up’ however if you have any defined areas that require specific stretching in order to improve range of movement (flexibility) this can be added here.
Part 2 – Pre-run drilling
The aim at this stage is to improve running efficiency and technique, enhance energy recoil from the ground and to promote a positive running gait (stride). E.g. running on the forefoot.
Purpose: Promotes correct leg action and active foot plant
Description: Hands on hips – Drive heel to butt – Stomp on forefoot under hips
Cues: Front of shoe points in the direction of travel – Heel of shoe pulls up to butt
Sets & Reps: 3 sets x 15m
Knee Drives (skips)
Purpose: Promotes recoil (bounce from the ground), switches on key muscles and is an active progression from the marching drill (drill 1)
Description: Similar to the march (drill 1) with a skipping action (small air time) included
Cues: Skip and actively plant foot back under hips Sets & Reps: 3 sets x 15m
Purpose: Promotes correct leg action in the swing leg – Builds towards running specific action and tempo
Description: Running action with heel coming to butt – Slowly transitioning forward Cues: Pretend there is a hurdle in front of each step – Fast leg recovery
Sets & Reps: 3 sets x 15m
Knee Drives (Skips)
Part 3 – Running/jogging specific intensity
The final stage of the warm-up should involve working your running efforts towards the intensity required for your specific run or jog. This will be extremely individual depending on the distance and speed of the session. The golden rule here is basic, you must get up to your race or planned session speed prior to competing or participating. For endurance-based athletes, you should take your body close to or above session pace for a short duration. It takes time for your body to start delivering oxygen to your muscles at its most efficient rate, thus it’s important to prime the system by ramping up intensity to the desired level. This will improve the start of your session substantially.
- 2-6 minutes of near lactate threshold (beyond talking pace) running or of a similar rate to the planned session
For track-based athletes, the aim is to take your body to the speed at which you will run the session or competition.
- 4-6 efforts of 60-100m building intensity from 80-100%
- Maintain rest periods of 2-3 minutes between repetitions as the intensity increases
Nick Richardson, Strength & Conditioning Coach SSC
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