Proper knee alignment is essential for normal function and for balance in the joint. Poor movement patterns which cause uneven forces throughout the knee can damage both its articular cartilage and ligaments.
There are two types of misalignment in the knee, which can contribute to its condition:
- Knee varus where the weight passes medially, (more through the inside of the knee joint), causing degeneration to the inside of the knee
- Knee valgus where the weight passes laterally, (more to the outside of the knee joint) causing degeneration to the outside of the knee
A corrective surgical procedure called an osteotomy redistributes the forces bearing down on the knee by cutting a wedge of bone from either the tibia or femur, to reposition and realign the knee.
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