Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and often affects the knee joint.
Osteoarthritis is caused by ageing and wear and tear of the cartilage. Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the knee may include knee pain, stiffness, and swelling.
If the degree of osteoarthritis is quite severe and debilitating, a Total Knee Arthroplasty is often the recommended form of treatment.
This open procedure involves removing the damaged areas of cartilage loss and replacing them with synthetic components (often metal), to recreate the joint surfaces. The inner surface of the patella may also be resurfaced if needed. An artificial “spacer” is inserted between the metal components to allow the new joint to glide smoothly and efficiently.
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